Posted: May 4, 2011 in Uncategorized

Nefertiti, the wife of the Egyptian pharaoh Akhenaten, was the most renowned Great Royal Wife of all 31 Egyptian dynasties. Her bust, found during the excavation of the studio of famous royal sculptor Thutmose, is one of the greatest finds of ancient Egypt.

The bust was discovered in 1912 by German archaeologist Ludwig Borchardt, about 275 km south of Cairo in 1912, and it was taken to Germany the following year. It consists of a limestone core covered in layers of stucco of varying thickness. Using computed tomography imaging to study the priceless bust, researchers have uncovered a delicately carved face in the limestone inner core and gained new insights into methods used to create the ancient masterpiece. Thin-section CT was able to provide detailed images of the inner structure in a completely nondestructive manner and showed the limestone core to be not just a mold, but a skillfully rendered work of art.

Egypt has repeatedly asked that the 3,400-year-old bust be returned from Germany, where it is exhibited at the Berlin Museum, but the requests have so far been rejected.



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