Ancient Eastern plaster work

Posted: December 16, 2010 in Uncategorized

The chambers of the Pyramids in Egypt contain red stucco executed about four thousand years ago. That the ancient plasterers of the East were proficient in the production of coloured and impervious plasters is fully attested by the numerous examples still in existence.

Arabian architecture dates from the time of Mohammed in the seventh century. The Mosque of Ibn-Tulun, Cairo, was begun in 263 bC, and finished in A.D. 878. The court in this mosque is surrounded on all four sides by arcades of painted arches resting on plastered brick piers. The capitals, like the rest of the building, are plastered and enriched with buds and flowers.

Ornamental Plaster Work on the Arcade in the Mosque of Ibn-Tulun, Ninth Century

The Sultan Hasan’s Mosque in Cairo dates from 1363 and contains some beautiful plaster decorations and Kufic friezes (Kufic is a form of Arabic writing).

Striking examples of plaster arabesque can be found at  the Great Mosque of Damascus, built in the Eighth Century.

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